Rwanda Peace Agreement

He writes that the Rwandan government „said that it had interrupted its participation in the joint commission for the restoration of the armed forces and gendarmerie [sic] under the Arusha peace agreement because of this massacre. The talks had been over since mid-October, but the head of the mission brought the Minister of Defence back to the table last week to avoid delays in the demobilization schedule. The Head of Mission asked the Minister of Defence for proof that he had of the RPF`s involvement in the massacre. Today`s publication is the seventh of a joint „#Rwanda20yrs“ project, a partnership project between the archives and the museum on the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide. The documents released today were obtained through requests from the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), the electronic reading room of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and evidence from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). Future briefing books will examine international diplomacy, secret service coverage and the fatal decision to withdraw most of the UN peacekeeping force. Ambassador Flaten writes that any mention of demobilization leads to an upsurge in violence on the streets of Rwanda. He reported an outbreak of violence in Ruhengeri, a town northeast of Kigali, due to „insufficient coverage of Kinyarwanda radio on the government`s plans to demobilize the army.“ The French-language channel reported that „the government is considering plans to retrain demobilized soldiers at the end of the war,“ but on the Kinyarwanda station „it appeared that the army had to be demobilized.“ Peter Tarnoff, Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs, said that „while the [Rwandan] government is sensitive to the IMF and World Bank proposals, the bank`s staff has found that it faces many constraints and will soon make crucial decisions.“ He added that „the Bank also supports a unDP-chaired roundtable on Rwanda to assess humanitarian needs (including demobilization), but only when a comprehensive macroeconomic agreement has been reached and financial resources are found to support it.“ As part of the Arusha negotiations, the international community was invited to provide a „neutral international force“ to assist in the implementation of the peace agreements. These include supporting the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme and securing funding for the programme (Document 10 and Document 39). However, the international community has struggled to secure the funds, Rwandans have never implemented the transitional government and the demobilization programme has never been implemented (Document 23).

Washington, DC, May 21, 2014 – The Arusha Accords, a peace agreement signed in August 1993 between the Rwandan government and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), have failed in the worst way that peace agreements can fail. Documents released today by the National Security Archive and the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum attest to the role of the international community in the non-implementation of the demobilization program, an important part of the Arusha agreements that eventually led to genocide in April 1994.

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