U.s. U.S. Armed Forces personnel may work as military personnel, U.S. Department of Civil Defense and/or contractors for the Department of Defense. The scope is defined in each agreement. On November 17, 2008, after months of negotiations, Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker and Iraqi Foreign Minister Ryan Crocker and Iraqi Foreign Minister, Mr. Hoshyar Zebari, signed two documents: (1) the Strategic Framework Agreement for a Relationship of Friendship and Cooperation between the United States and the Republic of Iraq (Strategic Framework Agreement) and (2) The Agreement between the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq On the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq and the organization of their activities during their temporary presence in Iraq (Security Agreement).119 In some ways, the agreements reached are different from the long-term security agreement originally provided for in the Declaration of Principles. Perhaps most importantly, the agreements that have been reached require the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq by December 31, 2011. NATO SOFA is a multilateral agreement applicable between all NATO member countries.
Since June 2007, 26 countries, including the United States, have either ratified the agreement or joined it by joining NATO.9 Other countries are subject to NATO`s SOFA by participating in the NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme. 10 The programme consists of bilateral cooperation between individual countries and NATO to increase stability, reduce the threat to peace and establish enhanced security relations.11 The various pfP countries are committed to meeting NATO SOFA conditions.12 By NATO SOFA and NATO PfP, the United States has a common couch with about 58 countries. Secretary of State Rice and Secretary of State Gates said the United States has agreements in more than 115 countries around the world.13 NATO SOFA and NATO PFP SOFA account for about half of the SOFAs to which the United States belonged. This announcement became a source of interest to Congress115, in part following statements by Bush administration officials that such an agreement would not be submitted to the legislative branch for approval, although the United States may have been required to provide „security guarantees“ to Iraq.116 Several hearings were held at the 110th Congress on the proposed security agreement. In late 2007, Congress passed the Defence Emergency Accountability Act in 2008, which contained a provision limiting the funds it made available for use by the United States.