Under a long-term repurchase agreement (Term Repo), a bank will accept the purchase of securities from a trader and resell them to the merchant shortly thereafter, at a predetermined price. The difference between feed-in and sale prices represents the implied interest paid for the agreement. An open pension contract (also called on demand) works in the same way as an appointment period, except that the trader and counterparty accept the transaction without setting the due date. On the contrary, trade can be terminated by both parties by notifying the other party before an agreed daily period. If an open deposit is not completed, it is automatically crushed every day. Interest is paid monthly and the interest rate is reassessed by mutual agreement at regular intervals. The interest rate on an open pension is generally close to the federal rate. An open repo is used to invest cash or finance assets if the parties do not know how long it will take them. But almost all open contracts conclude in a year or two. Reverse repurchase agreements (RRPs) are the end of a pension purchase agreement.
These financial instruments are also called secured loans, buy-back/sale loans and loans for sale/buyback. Unlike their large clients, retirement activities are sold in small denominations of $1,000 or less in the retail sector. The assets included in the pool are sold by the bank up to 90 days later and then repurchased. In addition to their size, another important difference between retail and wholesale pension transactions is that assets are collateral for wholesale transactions and do not change ownership. The most common assets used as collateral in repurchase transactions are U.S. Treasury bonds, although other collateral may include agency debt, corporate securities or even mortgage-backed securities (MBS). Treasury or treasury bonds, corporate and treasury bonds, government bonds and equities can all be used as „guarantees“ in a repurchase transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest payable to the owner of the securities) that mature while the pension buyer owns the securities are usually passed directly on the seller of securities.
This may seem counter-intuitive, given that the legal ownership of the guarantees during the pension agreement belongs to the purchaser. Rather, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, with the money to be paid in the event of a buyback being adjusted as compensation, although this is rather typical of the sale/buyback. Central banks and banks include long-term pension operations to enable banks to increase their capital reserves. At a later date, the central bank sold the Treasury statement or the government`s paperback to the commercial bank. The value of the security is generally higher than the purchase price of the securities. The buyer agrees not to sell the security unless the seller comes from his late part of the agreement. On the agreed date, the seller must repurchase the securities, including the agreed interest rate or pension rate.